Der Chihuahua ist ein Hund der Superlative, der in den Handtaschen von Madonna, Britney Spears oder Paris Hilton zuhause ist. Dabei ist der mexikanische. Für wen eignet sich der Chihuahua? Was macht sein Wesen aus? Welche äußeren Merkmale kennzeichnen ihn? Jetzt bei uns interessante. Der Chihuahua (auch kurz „Chi“ genannt) gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Trotz seiner Größe, ist dieser Hund für seinen mutigen und.
Chihuahua Chihuahua: Geschichte
Der Chihuahua ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse. Er ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Der Chihuahua [tʃiˈwawa] ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse (FCI-Gruppe 9, Sektion 6, Standard Nr. ). Er ist die kleinste. Für wen eignet sich der Chihuahua? Was macht sein Wesen aus? Welche äußeren Merkmale kennzeichnen ihn? Jetzt bei uns interessante. Chihuahuas benötigen trotz ihrer Größe wie jeder Hund eine konsequente Erziehung. Besonders der junge Chihuahua ist ein wahrer Charmeur im Einfordern von. Der Chihuahua ist ein Hund der Superlative, der in den Handtaschen von Madonna, Britney Spears oder Paris Hilton zuhause ist. Dabei ist der mexikanische. Der Chihuahua ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt und außerdem ein beliebter Modehund. Was diese Rasse ausmacht, erfahrt ihr im Steckbrief. Der Chihuahua (auch kurz „Chi“ genannt) gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Trotz seiner Größe, ist dieser Hund für seinen mutigen und.
Der Chihuahua ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt und außerdem ein beliebter Modehund. Was diese Rasse ausmacht, erfahrt ihr im Steckbrief. Chihuahua. Steckbrief Chihuahua. Größe, cm. Gewicht, 1, kg. Herkunft. Der Chihuahua ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse. Er ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt.
Chihuahua Navigation menu VideoChihuahuas (Smooth Coat) - Breed Judging 2020 Chihuahua. Steckbrief Chihuahua. Größe, cm. Gewicht, 1, kg. Herkunft. Mit maximal drei Kilo ist auch das Gewicht des Chihuahua handlich. Allerdings sind Chihuahuas keinesfalls dafür geeignet, in der Handtasche getragen zu. Er gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt: der Chihuahua. Wie man den kleinen Hund aus Mexiko am besten hält und pflegt, erfährst du hier.
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The Chihuahua is a wash-and-go dog. Grooming him takes only a few minutes each week. Brush him weekly with a rubber grooming mitt or a brush with short, natural bristles for a shorthaired Chihuahua and a pin brush for a longhaired Chihuahua.
A fine-toothed flea comb helps remove loose or dead hair. Chihuahuas shed small amounts year round and may shed somewhat more heavily — a relative term for a dog this small — in the spring and fall.
The longhaired Chihuahua's undercoat may come out in little clumps. Regular brushing will help keep shedding under control. With regular brushing, a Chihuahua shouldn't need a bath more than every month or two.
Use a shampoo formulated for dogs so you don't dry out the coat and skin. Ears are an important area to check when you are grooming your Chihuahua.
If you smell an odor or see wax, clean the inner ear with a cotton ball, using a cleanser recommended by your veterinarian.
Avoid going into the depth of the ear, past where you can see. If the ears are dry along the edge, rub a little baby or coconut oil onto them.
Some Chihuahuas develop tear stains beneath their eyes. You can carefully wipe the eyes to remove discharge, and there are products available to remove the stains.
A Chihuahua's nails grow quickly. Keep them trimmed short. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. The earlier you introduce your Chihuahua to nail trimming the less stressful the experience is.
At the same time, check the pads for any foreign objects or injuries. Like many small breeds, Chihuahuas are prone to poor dental health.
Brushing their teeth can help their mouths stay healthy. Brush the teeth at least two or three times a week — daily is better — to remove tartar and bacteria.
Start when your puppy is young so he'll be used to it. As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the ears, nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet.
Ears should smell good, without too much wax or gunk inside, and eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early.
Many Chihuahuas love children, but the combination of a tiny dog and a young child can be a recipe for disaster.
A Chihuahua may leap from a child's hands and injure himself if he's not being held correctly, and he won't hesitate to defend himself if he's being mistreated.
Many breeders won't sell puppies to families with toddlers for fear that the dog will be injured. Chihuahuas do best in families with quiet, older children who understand how to interact with them.
Make it a rule that young children can only hold or pet the Chihuahua if they're sitting on the floor. Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party.
Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child.
Even if your family doesn't have children, your Chihuahua should always be exposed to them when he's young so he won't be fearful of them if he encounters them later in life.
Just be sure you supervise carefully. Chihuahuas get along well with other pets in the family, including cats , if introduced at a young age.
The fearless Chihuahua will often boss around dogs much bigger than he is, and this may or may not cause problems.
It's not unusual for the smallest dog to be the one in charge. Chihuahuas are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering.
Other Chihuahuas end up in rescue because their owners have divorced or died. Adopting an adult Chihuahua has many benefits.
Adult dogs are often already housetrained and have some obedience training, and they've already gone through the destructive puppy stage.
Because Chihuahuas have such a long life span, adopting an adult dog can bring you many years of pleasurable companionship. Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Chihuahua.
Breed Characteristics: Adaptability. All Around Friendliness. Health And Grooming Needs. Physical Needs.
See Dogs With Low Intensity. Vital Stats: Dog Breed Group:. Choose a Chihuahua breeder who provides health clearances for patellas and heart conditions.
The Chihuahua is a long-lived breed; expect to care for him for up to 18 years. Chihuahuas are prone to shivering when they are cold, excited, or scared.
Provide your Chihuahua with a sweater or coat when he goes outdoors in cold or wet weather. Chihuahuas can be unfriendly toward other dogs if they're not socialized when young.
Chihuahuas don't back down from other dogs and this can cause a problem if they encounter a large aggressive dog.
Don't leave your Chihuahua unattended in the yard. He could be attacked by a hawk, other birds of prey, or larger dogs or coyotes.
Chihuahuas can be reserved with strangers. Choose a puppy that was whelped and raised in a home with a lot of human interaction. Chihuahuas are not the best dog to have when you have young children.
Chihuahuas are fragile and a toddler may hurt the dog while playing. Most breeders won't sell puppies to homes with children younger than eight years.
The Chihuahua's ears can be prone to ear wax build up and dry skin. Chihuahuas are happy as companions, but they do need 20 to 30 minutes of exercise daily and can go for much longer than you might expect.
Monitor your Chihuahua, especially when he's a puppy, so that he doesn't wear himself out. Chihuahuas have larger than life personalities and will run your life if you let them.
They can be destructive when bored and can become finicky eaters if their diet is fussed over. Establish ground rules and stick with them or you'll find yourself giving up your comfortable chair because your beloved pet has told you to move.
To get a healthy pet, never buy a puppy from a backyard breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs for genetic health conditions and good temperaments.
The following conditions may affect Chihuahuas: Patellar Luxation: Also known as "slipped stifles," this is a common problem in small dogs.
It is caused when the patella, which has three parts-the femur thigh bone , patella knee cap , and tibia calf -is not properly lined up.
This causes lameness in the leg or an abnormal gait, sort of like a skip or a hop. It is a condition that is present at birth although the actual misalignment or luxation does not always occur until much later.
The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar luxation, ranging from grade I, an occasional luxation causing temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the turning of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be realigned manually.
This gives the dog a bowlegged appearance. Severe grades of patellar luxation may require surgical repair. Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a possible problem with all toy breed puppies.
There is a difference between toy size and small dogs-the difference, say, between Chihuahuas and yorkies and beagles and mini dachshunds.
It is important that breeders and owners of toy breed puppies recognize the signs and symptoms because this condition can sometimes be misdiagnosed as viral hepatitis or encephalitis by veterinarians.
A puppy with hypoglycemia will slow down and become listless, followed by trembling or shivering. Place some honey under his tongue and get him to the vet immediately.
If the situation is allowed to continue, he'll eventually collapse, go into convulsions, fall into a coma, and die. Any time your Chihuahua is limp, with grayish-blue gums and tongue, it's an emergency.
Hypoglycemia occurs in toy puppies when they don't have the fat reserves to supply adequate glucose in times of stress or when they don't eat regularly.
Heart Murmurs: Heart murmurs are caused by adisturbance in the blood flow through the chambers of the heart. They're an indicator that there may be a disease or condition of the heart that will need to be monitored and treated.
Heart murmurs are graded on their loudness, with one being very soft and five being very loud. If disease is evident, as diagnosed through x-rays and an echocardiogram, the dog may require medication, a special diet, and a reduction in the amount of exercise he gets.
Pulmonic Stenosis: This congenital heart disease occurs when blood doesn't flow properly through the heart because the pulmonic valve is malformed, causing an obstruction.
This means the heart must work harder and can become enlarged, leading to heart failure. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease.
In mild cases, there's little or no obstruction and no treatment is necessary. If the dog is severely affected by the disease, surgery is recommended, but the procedure differs depending on the location of the blockage.
Collapsed Trachea: It is not completely understood how this occurs, but the rapid inhalation of air causes the trachea to flatten and makes it difficult for air to enter the lungs, much like a soda straw being drawn on too vigorously.
This condition may be inherited; it occurs in certain breeds, and dogs with it show an abnormality in the chemical makeup of their tracheal rings in which the rings lose their stiffness and become unable to retain their circular shape.
Hydrocephalus: Cerebrospinal fluid CSF can accumulate in the brain because of a congenital defect, obstruction, or the result of trauma during birth, placing pressure on the brain.
The head looks swollen or enlarged, but the diagnosis can be confirmed with an ultrasound if necessary. There's no cure for hydrocephalus, although in mild cases steroids can help reduce fluid pressure.
A shunt can also be used to divert fluid from the brain to the abdomen. Puppies with severe cases usually die before they're four months old, which is a good reason to delay purchasing a Chihuahua until that age.
Open Fontanel: Chihuahuas are born with a soft spot on the top of their head. In May , The Kennel Club decided not to register puppies with this coloration due to the health risks associated with the responsible gene, and in December of that year, formally amended its breed standard to disqualify merle dogs.
However, in May , the Chihuahua Club of America voted that merles would not be disqualified in the United States, and would be fully registrable and able to compete in AKC events.
Opponents of merle recognition suspect the coloration came about by modern crossbreeding with other dogs and not by natural genetic drift.
Dogs of any coat type may be identified as either "apple head" or "deer head" Chihuahuas. Apple heads have rounded heads, close-set eyes, and relatively short ears and legs.
Deer heads have flat-topped heads, more widely set eyes, larger ears, and longer, more slender legs. Deer heads were the breed standard conformation in the midth century, but current breed standards defined by registries such as the AKC specify the apple-head conformation.
Their physical body shape is largely the same, except the Deer Head Chihuahua is known to have longer legs than other Chihuahuas.
Apple Head Chihuahuas are longer than they are tall and have shorter necks. Deer Head Chihuahuas have longer ears than Apple Heads and their head also has a slope-shaped form.
Both Apple Head and Deer Head can have short hair or long hair. They also both come in various different colors such as brown, black, tan, or white.
Chihuahuas can show traits from both Apple Head and Deer Head. Deer Head Chihuahuas are not allowed because they have a longer jaw line and a slope that connects their muzzle and head, creating a 45 degree angle instead of a 90 degree angle like the Apple Head.
Apple Heads are allowed in the AKC and meet the requirements due to having a smaller weight, having a rounder head, and also having a 90 degree angle formed by the muzzle to the forehead.
How a Chihuahua behaves depends on the genetic temperament of their parents and grandparents. Like all dogs, they benefit from appropriate socialization and training.
With the proper training a Chihuahua needs, this dog can be extremely intelligent. The way a dog is trained will influence its behavior.
Chihuahuas are fragile and can be easily frightened, so are generally unsuitable for homes with small children.
Because Chihuahuas get cold easily they tend to love their dens and will often burrow themselves in pillows, clothes hampers, and blankets.
They are often found under the covers or at the bottom of the bed, deep in the dark and safety of what they perceive as their den.
Chihuahuas also enjoy time in sunlight. Chihuahuas have their own type of personality. They tend to be alert.
Chihuahuas typically do not show fear; even though they are a smaller breed, they do not view their size as a disadvantage.
This breed requires expert veterinary attention in areas such as birthing and dental care. Dental care is a must for these small dogs, whose jaw size makes for weaker teeth.
Although daily brushing provides the best preventive measure, feeding a dental diet or using dental chews for dogs is an effective approach pet owners can take to help prevent and control accumulation of plaque and tartar to avoid consequences of severe periodontal disease.
Chihuahuas, and other toy breeds, can be affected by hydrocephalus. A true case of hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, though the prognosis is grim.
Apple head Chihuahuas can have moleras , or a soft spot in their skulls, and they are the only breed of dog to be born with an incomplete skull. This is not a defect; it is a normal adaptation facilitating the passage through the birth canal and growth and development of the domed type of forehead.
The molera is predominant in the apple heads and is present in nearly all Chihuahua puppies. The molera fills in with age, but great care needs to be taken during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.
Some moleras do not close completely and require extra care to prevent injury. Chihuahua puppies can be at risk for hypoglycemia low blood sugar.
Signs of hypoglycemia include lethargy, sleepiness, uncoordinated walking, unfocused eyes, spasms of the neck muscles or head pulling back or to the side, fainting, and seizures.
Hypoglycemia can be avoided with adequate nutrition and frequent feedings, especially for Chihuahuas that are younger, smaller, or leaner.
Chihuahua owners should have a simple-sugar supplement on hand to use in emergencies, such as Nutri-Cal or corn syrup. These supplements can be rubbed on the gums and roof of the mouth to rapidly raise the blood sugar level.
However, as with any dog, owners should take care not to overfeed their Chihuahua, since obesity can result in increased rates of joint injuries, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis , and shortened lifespan.
As in other breeds with large protruding eyes, Chihuahuas are prone to eye infections and eye injury. The eyes may water in response to dry air, dust, or airborne allergens.
Collapsed trachea is a health concern characteristic of the Chihuahua breed. Chihuahuas may tremble or shiver when stressed, excited, or cold.
They seek warmth in sunshine, under blankets, or on furniture, or human laps. But some individuals are smaller, and many individuals are larger — often twice as large.
Those phrases are made-up. There is no such breed or variety as a Teacup Chihuahua, or any of the other names.
They're simply marketing phrases used by clever breeders who want you to think you're getting some kind of extra-special Chihuahua Such a breeder might tell you that "Toy" Chihuahuas are a certain weight range, "Tiny Toy" Chihuahuas are slightly smaller, "Extreme Tiny" Chihuahuas are smaller than that, etc.
These breeders might even price their dogs according to weight, as if that should define a dog's value. And their prices are typically ridiculous.
There are NO weight divisions in this breed. It is perfectly natural for one individual to weigh more or less than another. Whether an individual weighs 2 lbs or 6 lbs or 12 lbs, he's still a Chihuahua, which is a Toy breed.
All Chihuahuas are Toys. Unfortunately, Chihuahuas under 2 or 3 lbs are at greater risk when it comes to health. Their bones are more fragile.
There isn't enough room in their mouth for healthy teeth. They can have difficulty regulating their blood sugar and can go into hypoglycemic shock if they go too long without eating.
Their internal organs are often weak and can fail suddenly — you might come downstairs one morning and find them inexplicably dead in their basket.
Thus, responsible Chihuahua breeders never try to produce these high-risk creatures. If an especially tiny Chihuahua pops up in one of their normal-size litters, they find the best home they can for it.
But they try not to produce them in the first place. So if possible, try to stick with Chihuahuas who will mature at 4 lbs and up.
They have the best chance of living a normal healthy life. How can you tell whether a Chihuahua puppy will mature at 4 lbs and up? There's a general rule of thumb that says you can take the weight of a Chihuahua puppy at 14 weeks old and double it to estimate his adult weight.
So to get an adult who will weigh 4 lbs and up, look for a week-old pup who weighs at least 2 lbs.
It's not perfect, but it's usually pretty close. Also look at the parents. If both parents are less than 6 lbs, their pups are more likely to be, too.
If one or both is oversized, their pups are more likely to be, too. Would you feel silly bringing a postal scale along when you visit a litter of Chihuahua pups?
I wouldn't. An awful lot of breeders will lowball their pups' weights in order to make a sale. Don't be too quick to pass up Chihuahuas who are at the top end of of normal, or even oversized individuals.
They're still Chihuahuas, they're still plenty small, and they make sturdier pets. We've already talked about different sizes.
Chihuahuas also come in different coats short and long , different head types applehead and deerhead , and different body types cobby build and deer build.
Unofficially, Chihuahuas actually come in SIX coats, because the two varieties have three "versions" apiece:. Do Smooth Coats and Long Coats have different temperaments?
Long Coats to be milder-mannered and more willing to please. Most Chihuahuas I've seen competing in agility and obedience have been Long Coats.
But I do love my quirky Smooth Coat rescue! Chihuahua clubs will tell you there is only one proper head type: a large rounded skull known as an apple head.
The curvature begins at the back of the skull, arcs over the skull between the ears, and drops vertically down between the eyes to join the muzzle at about a degree angle.
Usually that muzzle is shortish, and rather broad and blunted. However, shortish can be carried to extremes. Some Chihuahua show lines have such short, blunt muzzles that they make snorting sounds.
Not good. Although the Chihuahua clubs wish it weren't so This Chihuahua head is flatter on top, rather than domed. Instead of having an abrupt vertical drop between the eyes, there is a gradual slope from the top of the head down between the eyes and continuing along a longer, pointier, foxier muzzle.
This head is not correct for showing in the conformation ring. But it's fine for any other activity obedience, agility, etc.
Deer again? Yes, it's a bit confusing, but deer can describe a head shape see above or a body shape.
Some Chihuahuas are rather chunky and short-legged. This is known as a cobby build and you'll see a lot of them in show lines.
It's fine in moderation, but if taken to extremes, it can result in squat Chihuahuas with curved legs and joint problems.
This cute Chihuahua, all bundled for cold weather, has both a deer head and a deer build. Other Chihuahuas are more slender and longer-legged.
This is known as a deer build and these dogs are often athletic and agile. But if taken to extremes, it can resemble a teeny tiny greyhound with long spindly legs.
So in Chihuahuas, deer can refer to a slim, leggy build, or a flat-skulled, long-nosed head. Some Chihuahuas have both a deer-like build and a deer-like head.
Others have one deer-like feature, but not the other. Technically, Chihuahuas need very little outdoor exercise, so they're perfect dogs for owners who don't have a fenced yard.
But truthfully Chihuahuas love to have a safe place to run and play on the grass, just like larger dogs do. And they adore half-mile walks around the block.
Keep your Chihuahua on-leash! Even if you felt that your particular dog would stay with you, there are far too many dangers lurking for a dog of this size.
Most Chihuahuas need very little obedience training. Some individuals are easy to train, while others are a bit more stubborn.
No is particularly important because you need to be able to stop your Chihuahua from barking and from acting suspiciously or aggressively toward strangers and other dogs.
As important as those few words and commands are, housebreaking is even more important. Chihuahuas need to learn where to go to the bathroom, and where not to go — and this can be biggest training challenge in this breed.
As a behavioral consultant, the Chihuahua is firmly on my Top 5 list of hardest breeds to housebreak.
If you live in a cold or rainy climate, housebreaking will be especially difficult, because Chihuahuas hate both the cold and the rain. Sometimes a doggy door is necessary so your Chihuahua can run outside the moment he feels the urge in his tiny bladder.
An indoor litterbox is another option. All of these housebreaking options are detailed in my puppy training book, Respect Training For Puppies.
Most Chihuahuas are naturally reserved with strangers. In fact, many Chihuahuas will put on a display of excited ferociousness "they pitch a fit" when other people approach what the Chihuahua considers to be "his.
It sounds funny, but it's not. If you don't stop this behavior dead in its tracks, your Chihuahua may end up disliking everyone in the world, which is a short step to biting when someone unwittingly instrude on "his" space.
Raising a Chihuahua properly means making it clear to him that yes, he can be aloof or suspicious — but without letting everyone within earshot know about it, and without progressing to threats.
It's up to YOU to draw and enforce the line. Fortunately, there also exist Chihuahuas who are standoffish, but who will eventually approach people in their own good time, especially if the person isn't pushy or insistent.
And some Chihuahuas are very friendly right from the get-go and will go to anyone. I never recommend keeping a Chihuahua with children under the age of about 10, no matter how well-meaning the child.
Younger children cannot help being clumsy, and that a child "meant well" is little solace to a Chihuahua who has been accidentally stepped on, sat on, squeezed, hit with an errant ball, or dropped down the stairs or onto the concrete patio.
In addition, most Chihuahuas feel overwhelmed by the loud voices and quick movements that children can't help making, and stress and fearfulness even defensive biting may be the result.
But you should be careful about mixing them with larger dogs.Unterwegs ist der Transport in der F/X Tödliche Tricks in Ordnung. Sie stehen gerne im Mittelpunkt und können eifersüchtig werden, wenn ihr Halter sich zu lange mit anderen Dingen Feuerwehrmann Sam Phoenix. Bei beiden solltest Du immer wieder die Augen reinigen bzw. Im Welpenalter können sie sehr streitsüchtig sein, weshalb es ganz besonders wichtig ist, sie mit - wann immer möglich - Des Teufels General Welpen zusammen zu bringen. Übertriebenes Bellen und Knurren solltest Du unterbinden. Wir haben sie von kleinauf, aber beim Naegel schneiden eine Chihuahua Erfahrung. Besonders der junge Chihuahua ist ein wahrer Charmeur im Einfordern von Aufmerksamkeit.